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The menopause from the perspective of conventional medicine

Dr. med. Helene Bamert-Stoop

Dr. med. Helene Bamert-Stoop

July 11, 2023

reading time

4 min

Menopause from the perspective of conventional medicine: Dr Helene Bamert-Stoop explains in an interview what happens to the hormones during the menopause and what can be achieved with hormone replacement therapy.

Dr Bamert-Stoop, in brief, what happens to the female hormones during the menopause?

The ovary, the main production site of oestrogen and the corpus luteum hormone, ages and produces less and less corpus luteum hormone and, in the course of time, less and less oestrogen. With the menopause, the ovary largely stops working. This decline occurs over a period of years, sometimes fluctuating, sometimes rapidly. Women notice the hormone imbalance and also the hormone deficiency in the form of menopausal symptoms.

What are the causes of symptoms such as hot flushes, urogenital dryness and cycle disorders during the menopause?

Hot flushes are mainly caused by a lack of oestrogen, which temporarily throws the body's thermoregulation out of balance. Urogenital dryness is also due to oestrogen deficiency: The skin becomes thinner, more sensitive, loses elasticity and the muscles of the pelvic floor and urethra also break down somewhat.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of hormone replacement therapy?

The advantages are that hormone replacement therapy has been proven to help reduce symptoms. Patients feel more comfortable in their bodies again. Oestrogen also has a positive effect on bone health and blood vessels. Depending on the patient, however, the risk factors must also be carefully analysed and weighed up, as even healthy patients have a small risk of breast and uterine cancer and thrombosis.

What types of hormone replacement therapy are available?

Oestrogen is available as a gel or patch for whole-body therapy, or only as a vaginal gel or suppository for purely vaginal use. The luteal hormone can be swallowed as capsules or used vaginally. There are also tablets and patches that contain a combination of both hormones. Each patient can receive individualised advice and treatment.

How are hormone replacement therapies usually used?

If the uterus is no longer present, oestrogen alone will be used. If the patient still has a uterus, a combination with a corpus luteum hormone is mandatory. Depending on the preparation, oestradiol is used daily or twice a week. The corpus luteum hormone can also be administered in the form of a hormone coil for 5 years.

Portrait photo of Dr Helene Bamert-Stoop, MD

Dr. med. Helene Bamert-Stoop

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